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What is England now?

 England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom, located in northwest Europe. It is the largest and most populous country of the four countries that make up the UK, and its capital is London.
Who are the original inhabitants of Britain? 

The original inhabitants of Britain were the indigenous Celtic tribes, including the Britons, Picts, and Scots. The Roman Empire conquered and occupied Britain from 43 to 410 AD, and the Anglo-Saxons invaded and settled in England from the 5th to 11th centuries. Over time, various groups and cultures have influenced the population of Britain, including the Vikings, Normans, and other European groups.
Is Britain the same as England? 

No, Britain and England are not the same thing. Britain refers to the entire island that is home to three countries: England, Scotland, and Wales. England is just one country that is part of the United Kingdom, which also includes Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Why does Britain have two flags?

 Britain has two flags: the Union Jack and the Royal Standard. The Union Jack is the national flag of the United Kingdom and represents the unity of England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The Royal Standard, on the other hand, is the personal flag of the monarch and is used to represent the British monarchy as a whole, as well as individual members of the royal family when they are carrying out official duties. The two flags serve different purposes and are used in different contexts.
What countries are under British rule? 

 As of my training data cut off in 2021, the United Kingdom has 14 overseas territories, but it does not have any countries under its rule. The 14 overseas territories are British overseas territories, autonomous regions with varying degrees of independence that are under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Some of these territories include Bermuda, Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands, and the British Virgin Islands.
Why was Britain called the empire on which the sun does not set?

 Britain was referred to as the "empire on which the sun never sets" because at the height of its power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the British Empire controlled so many territories across the world that it was said that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories. This phrase symbolizes the vast extent of the empire and its global reach, spanning across multiple continents and time zones.
How old is the UK?

 The United Kingdom as a political entity was formed in 1707 with the union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, however, the history of the individual countries that make up the UK stretches back much further. For example, the history of England dates back to the Anglo-Saxon period in the 5th century.